Following the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, the three Caucasian countries Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia underwent an eventful process of democratization. Of the three, Georgia’s journey to Western-style democracy has witnessed civil uprisings, revolution, corruption, judicial reforms, and military occupation.
The current confrontation between the United States and China affects both world politics and the order of the Indo-Pacific region. The Biden administration sees China not only as a threat to the Indo-Pacific region by pursuing its “sphere of influence”, but also as an attempt to become “the world's most influential power”, posing a serious challenge to the United States.

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

ECOWAS is a regional group of fifteen countries, founded in 1975. Its mission is to promote economic integration in “all fields of economic activity, particularly industry, transport, telecommunications, energy, agriculture, natural resources, commerce, monetary and financial questions, social and cultural matters“
Issues related to maritime claims, access, and the quest for energy resources have always been considered as significant aspects of sea power, strategy and security. The Eastern Mediterranean at the turn of the 21st century is not an exception to that, particularly in the light of recent hydrocarbon discoveries in the region.
Defense industry and relevant research and development (R&D) and innovation have faced many challenges since the end of the Cold War. As the challenges have long stemmed mainly from increased defense budget cuts, though competition environment and technological asymmetries between dominant and emerging actors, new dynamics are added to such already complex set of factors.
The main argument of this paper is that conflicts easily diffuse to neighboring states and regions under specific conditions and by direct or indirect diffusion mechanisms. The diffusion of civil wars is, therefore, a multifactorial process which must be assessed in terms of its catalyzing conditions and its mechanisms of diffusion.
Since Khomeini’s coming to power in 1979, one pillar of Iranian foreign policy is its grand network with the local groups/ Violent Non-State Actors (VNSAs) which the Western world named as terrorist. The second pillar is its uranium enrichment policy in order to have a leverage against the Western efforts to isolate it from the international society.
The Gaza Strip, or simply Gaza, is a penne-exclave region of the State of Palestine on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Israel owned the Gaza Strip from 1967 until 2005. In 2005, according to Oslo Agreement signed with the Palestine Administration, Israel continues to control air space, water sources and coastal shipment.

Is Clausewitz’s Thinking Still Relevant?

War is one of the oldest fact in human history. After human beings developed tool making, they developed organization and therefore war was born. Carl Von Clausewitz developed the strategy to separate the war from a brutal massacre. These two phenomena, which have existed throughout history, were described by a man in the 19th century as a great breakthrough innovation.

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