Troubled Waters in the Pacific: the Case of the Disputes in the South China Sea (SCS)

Article

The remarks present the general overview with regard to the troubled waters in the Pacific: The case of the disputes in the South China Sea (SCS) which highlights the disputes itself; incidents occurred in the sea; US-China rivalry; and how the disputes affect Association of the South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) unity. The remarks conclude that maritime security remains an important issue in the region....

The remarks present the general overview with regard to the troubled waters in the Pacific: The case of the disputes in the South China Sea (SCS) which highlights the disputes itself; incidents occurred in the sea; US-China rivalry; and how the disputes affect Association of the South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) unity. The remarks conclude that maritime security remains an important issue in the region.

The long-standing disputes in the SCS has started its controversy ever since 2009 when China submitted what is known as the nine-dash line to United Nations. However, the maps that China claims has published long before in 1947, with then eleven dash forming a U-shaped line. The disputes are involving China, Taiwan and four other ASEAN Member States; the Philippines, Vietnam, Brunei and Malaysia. The conflict, however, mostly dominated by China, Vietnam and the Philippines with Spratly and Paracel islands under the contention. The significance of the sea relies on the fact that it connects the Northeast Asia and Western Pacific Ocean and offers the shortest routes between the two. The shipping passage, moreover, constitutes one-third of the global maritime trade. What exist below the surface: a projected 28 billion barrels of oil, 260 trillion cubic feet of natural gas and ten percent of the world’s fish1 are also the contributing factors as to why the sea is significant.

China, as the major power claims almost the entirety of the disputed area that is known as the U-shaped line or Nine-dash line and is being viewed as a matter of National Identity. The view has added to the complexity of the disputes.

The disputes have also involved incidents in the sea, such as cutting cable incidents between China and Vietnam in 2011, Oil rig placement within Vietnam’s EEZ in 2014, marking the first time for China to place one of its oil rigs in the EEZ of another state without prior permission. Other incidents occurred between China and Philippine in 2012 with respect to Scarborough Shoals which was seized by China.

Vietnam internationalised the issue by raising it to the United States at the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) that was held in Hanoi. For the first time, then US Secretary State Hillary Clinton stated that Unites States has interest in the, open access to Asia’s maritime commons, freedom of navigation, respect for international law in the SCS, the US also opposes to the use of threat or force by any claimants.2 Ever since, China has shown its objection over the intervention of the-third party. Beijing has stated its preference that the best way to resolve the disputes is for the related countries to have direct bilateral negotiations.

Concerns among the disputants have also heightened by the land reclamation China’s built on Spratlys. Since the beginning of the construction, the concern over its rapid control over SCS and the fear of China militarizing the region have shimmered. The situation has also drawn attention from Washington. Beijing’s armed forces have installed antimissile weaponry, US officials reported to believed that the structures designed to house long-range surfacetoair missile launchers.3 Contrary to what Beijing had argued before, that the construction aimed to support the civilian.

US rebalance, can be further seen in its activity in the disputed area. The US Freedom of Navigation Operations (FONOPs) in the SCS aims to send a clear message for Its stance that all Nations oblige to obey the International Law of the Sea as codified in United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), as well as asserts its rights to traverse the waters aligned with international law.

It is taken from TASAM Publishing's book named “New World Architecture Of Economy and Security“
This content is protected by Copyright under the Trademark Certificate. It may be partially quoted, provided that the source is cited, its link is given and the name and title of the editor/author (if any) is mentioned exactly the same. When these conditions are fulfilled, there is no need for additional permission. However, if the content is to be used entirely, it is absolutely necessary to obtain written permission from TASAM.

Areas

Continents ( 5 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 451 ) Actiivities ( 215 )
Areas
Africa 0 144
Asia 0 228
Europe 0 38
Latin America & Carribean 0 34
North America 0 7
Regions ( 4 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 173 ) Actiivities ( 51 )
Areas
Balkans 0 93
Middle East 0 59
Black Sea and Caucasus 0 16
Mediterranean 0 5
Identity Fields ( 2 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 175 ) Actiivities ( 71 )
Areas
Islamic World 0 146
Turkish World 0 29
Turkey ( 1 Fields )
Action
 Contents ( 210 ) Actiivities ( 54 )
Areas
Turkey 0 210

Mexico with its area of near 2 million km², strategic position in Central America, population of approximately 124 million, human resources, GDP of 1,223 trillion dollars and developing economy is a prominent country. Mexico also is a notable member and observer to many international organizations ...;

Saudi Arabia, on the other hand, is a country that attracts the attention of the world with its strategic location connecting Asia to Africa and Mediterranean to Indian Ocean, its leading role in the Arab and Islamic world, 34 million dynamic population, natural resources, 20% share in the proven oi...;

On the other hand, Brazil, which is the sixth country with its population of over 213 million and the fifth largest country with its surface area of over 8.5 million km², is an important political and economic power in Latin America and is one of the major players at the global level.;

The biggest problem in trade between Russia and Turkey is that; this relation has begun to shape in favor of Russia. In long term; this situation may cause political and economical problems with regards to sustainment of relations. Turkey’s growing need for energy and high energy prices are some of ...;

People's Republic of China has become the largest trade partner of Turkey, among Japan and South Korea and other countries in the Asia-Pacific region. In parallel with the increase in trade volume, the relations between the two countries have gained momentum.;

Turkey is attempting to sign a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR), of which Argentina is a member. The "FTA Framework Agreement" signed in 2008 to determine the framework of FTA negotiations between Turkey and MERCOSUR entered into force in 2019. ;

Ukraine, being a member of many regional and international organizations such as United Nations (UN), UN, Council of Europe, OSCE, CIS, WTO, GUAM, BSEC, AVET, BSEC, is one of the 21st century regional power candidates and it is foreseen that its importance will continue to increase in the near futur...;

Turkish companies in Sudan are mainly concentrated in the fields of iron-steel, cement, PVC production, leather, marble, grain import and export, bakery, curtain making and furniture, intercity bus transportation, agricultural products trade, white goods trade. ;