9TH International Balkan Forum

  • “Future of the Balkans Economy and Turkey”
Turkey, in terms of foreign trade, has increasingly become important both for the Balkan region and Europe, of which Turkey is the fifth-largest exporter and the seventh-largest importer. Turkey's foreign investment stock has increased from $7 billion to almost $40 billion. The percentage of the investments by Turkey in the Balkan countries is around 5% of its overall foreign investments, while Romania is the largest in export and Greece is the largest in import. There has been an upward trend in Turkey's investments in the region particularly Romania, Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Turkey's volume of trade with the 12 Balkan countries has increased 23 billion dollars. The export volume of the Balkan countries is over 500 billion dollars.

Hence, the countries in the Region are required to keep the intellectual infrastructure regarding their future fit, and develop such policies that are appropriate to their interests. The 9th International Balkan Forum, which is organized under the main theme of theFuture of the Balkans Economy and Turkey“ aims at contributing to this field.

Main Theme
Future of the Balkans Economy and Turkey

Sub-Themes
Governance of the Economic Competition in the Balkans and Turkey
EU and the Balkans New Economy Ecosystem after the Brexit
China, Belt and Road Project, the Balkans and Turkey
New Economic Dynamics in the Balkans
Country Perspectives (Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey, Albania etc.)

On the other hand, the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, as an island country (known as Ceylon till 1972) in the Indian Ocean, has an acreage of 65,610 km2, population of over 22 million, GDP of 88.9 billion dolar (2018), and memberships in the international organizations such as ASEAN, CI...;

There has been a slight recovery from global environmental crisis depending on the relative decrease in industrial activities and transportation services and as a positive result of the world wide-ranging restrictions due to the Covid-19 pandemic, which has affected the whole world since 2020.;

On the other hand, USA is a recognized power in global arena with its acreage, population of over 330 million, development in industrialization and technology, growing economy, natural resources, demographic structure,veto power in the United Nations, position in IMF and NATO. ;

Mexico with its area of near 2 million km², strategic position in Central America, population of approximately 124 million, human resources, GDP of 1,223 trillion dollars and developing economy is a prominent country. Mexico also is a notable member and observer to many international organizations ...;

Saudi Arabia, on the other hand, is a country that attracts the attention of the world with its strategic location connecting Asia to Africa and Mediterranean to Indian Ocean, its leading role in the Arab and Islamic world, 34 million dynamic population, natural resources, 20% share in the proven oi...;

On the other hand, Brazil, which is the sixth country with its population of over 213 million and the fifth largest country with its surface area of over 8.5 million km², is an important political and economic power in Latin America and is one of the major players at the global level.;

The biggest problem in trade between Russia and Turkey is that; this relation has begun to shape in favor of Russia. In long term; this situation may cause political and economical problems with regards to sustainment of relations. Turkey’s growing need for energy and high energy prices are some of ...;

People's Republic of China has become the largest trade partner of Turkey, among Japan and South Korea and other countries in the Asia-Pacific region. In parallel with the increase in trade volume, the relations between the two countries have gained momentum.;